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The Vermont law is found at 16 V.S.A. Section 1431 under the title dealing with Education and the chapter dealing with health. (Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 16, § 1431).

This law requires the Secretary of Education to develop statewide guidelines, forms and information on concussions. Vermont Law defines “youth athlete” as an elementary or secondary student who is a member of a school athletic team. The principal of each school must ensure: that the information is provided annually to student athletes; each parent/guardian and youth athlete annually sign a form acknowledging receipt of the information; and each coach receive concussion training at least every two years. Every referee of a high school team contest involving a collision sport shall receive training every two (2) years. Neither a coach or health care provider shall allow continued participation by a youth athlete if either knows or should have known that the athlete has sustained a concussion or other head injury or believed to have sustained a concussion or head injury during competition or practice and the youth athlete may not participate until examined by a health care professional and cleared in writing. A coach and health care provider are also precluded from returning an athlete to play who was removed from play as a result of a concussion or head injury until the athlete is evaluated and written clearance is received from a health care provider. Section 1431 requires that a home team ensure that a health care provider is present at any athletic event in which a high school athletic team participates in a collision sport, encourages home teams to have a health care provider present at any athletic event in which a high school athletic team participates in a contact sport, requires a health care provider to notify the visiting team’s athletic director of any concussions sustained within 48 hours and requires the school to notify a parent/guardian when a student participating on that school’s athletic team sustains a concussion within twenty-four (24) hours. 

The text of 16 V.S.A. §1431 can be viewed online at:

The following websites offer additional information regarding Vermont concussion law:

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